Types of Electric Vehicles

Types of Electric Vehicles


An electric vehicles (EV) runs on an electric motor rather than an internal combustion engine that generates energy by burning a mixture of fuel and gases.

There are four types of electric vehicles offered:

  • Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV):
  • Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEV)
  • Electric vehicles with battery (EVB)
  • Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle(PHEV)

Hybrid electric vehicle (HEV):

HEVs are also known as serial hybrids or parallel hybrids. Heavy duty vehicles have both motors and electric motors. The engine gets energy from the fuel and receives electricity from the batteries. The transmission is rotated simultaneously by the motor and the electric motor. It then moves the wheels.

Electric Vehicles for Fuel Cell (FCEV):

FCEVs are also known as “Zero-Emission Vehicles.” They employ “cell fuel” technology to generate the electricity required to run the vehicle. The chemical energy of fuel has remained directly turned into electricity. To learn more about the FCEVs,

Battery with Electric cars (BEV)

BEVs are also known as fully electric vehicles (EVs). Electric cars using BEV technology operate entirely with a battery-powered electric transmission. The electricity used to drive the vehicle remains stored in a large battery that can charge by connecting it to the power grid. The electric battery pack provides power to one or more electric motors to run the electric car.

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV)

PHEVs are also known as serial hybrids. They’ve got engine and engine. You can choose between fuels, conventional fuels (such as gasoline) or alternative fuels (such as bio-diesel). A rechargeable battery can also power it. The battery can charge externally.

Profits of Electric Vehicles

Profits of Electric Vehicles


Transport is a fundamental condition of modern life, but the traditional combustion engine is fast becoming obsolete. Gasoline or diesel vehicles are highly polluting and are rapidly remain replaced by fully electric vehicles. All-electric vehicles (EVs) have zero exhaust emissions and are much better for the environment.

Lower operational costs: The running price of an electric vehicle is much lower than that of an equivalent petrol or diesel vehicle. Electric cars charge their batteries instead of using fossil fuels such as gasoline or diesel. Electric vehicles are more efficient, which, combined with the cost of electricity, means charging an electric vehicle is cheaper than filling gas or diesel for your travel needs.

Low maintenance cost: Electric vehicles have meagre maintenance costs because they don’t have as many moving parts as an internal combustion vehicle. EV maintenance requirements are lower than conventional petrol or diesel vehicles. Therefore, the annual cost of driving an electric vehicle is meaningfully short.

Zero tailpipe emissions: Drive an electric vehicle can assistance reduce your carbon footprint because there will be no exhaust emissions. You can further reduce the environmental impact of charging your vehicle by choosing renewable energy options for household electricity.

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The use of gasoline and diesel is destroying our planet

The convenience of fossil fuels is limited, and their use destroys our world. Toxic emissions from gasoline and diesel vehicles cause long-term adverse public health effects. The impact of EV on emissions is much smaller than gasoline or diesel vehicles.

From an efficiency perspective, electric vehicles can cover about 60% of the grid’s electric power to power the wheels. Still, gasoline or diesel cars can only convert between 17% and 21% of the energy stored in the fuel on the reels. That’s about 80 per cent waste. All-electric vehicles have zero exhaust emissions, but gasoline or diesel vehicles emit nearly three times more carbon dioxide than the average EV, even when electricity production remains.

Electric vehicles are informal to drive and quiet

EV have no gears and are very comfortable to drive. There are no complicated controls. Just accelerate, brake and drive. To charge your vehicle, connect it to a home or public charger. EVs are also quiet, reducing the noise pollution that traditional vehicles contribute.

There is no noise pollution

EV can operate in silence because no engine is under the hood. No engine, no noise. The electric motor runs so quietly that you must look at your dashboard to see if it’s on. EV are so quiet that manufacturers must add fake sounds to make them safe for pedestrians.

The convenience of charging at home

Imagine being in a busy gas station during peak hours and being late for your workplace. These problems can remain easily solved with an electric vehicle. Plug your car into your home charger for 4-5 hours before you plan to go. If you can get a charger where you park at home, it is very convenient to plan your trips.


The progress that the electric vehicles industry has seen in recent years is not only very welcome but much needed in light of the increasing demand.

Also Read: What are Internal Combustion Engines

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